Carrots – Nutritional Information

Carrots are tasty root vegetables, which are packed with healthy nutrients. Typically being orange in color, different cultivars can be yellow, purple, white, black or red. They have been first cultivated before hundreds of years in the area, which we now know as Afghanistan. Then the carrots have been purple or yellow with bitter flavor. The so familiar and sweet orange carrot has been developed in the 16 th -17 th century. It is important to remember that people with sensitivity to mugwort pollen or birch pollen may be sensitive to carrots.

Nutritional value

Per 100g raw carrots

Protein 0.9g
Fats 0.2g
Carbohydrates 9.6g
Calories 41 calroies
Dietary fiber 2.8g
Vitamin A 16705 IU
Vitamin C 5.9mg
Vitamin E 0.7mg
Vitamin K 13.2mcg
Thiamin 0.1mg
Riboflavin 0.1mg
Niacin 1mg
Vitamin B6 0.1mg
Folate 19mcg
Pantothenic Acid 0.3mg
Choline 8.8mg
Betaine 0.4mg
Calcium 33mg
Iron 0.3mg
Magnesium 12mg
Phosphorus 35mg
Potassium 320mg
Sodium 69mg
Zinc 0.2mg
Manganese 0.1mg
Selenium 0.1mcg
Fluoride 3.2mcg

General information

One research has shown that if one has deficiency of vitamin A this may lead to lowered eyesight in dim light which then leads to night blindness. However, carrots have plenty of vitamin A and this may improve the health of the eyes and prevent such conditions.

Carrots may also lower the blood pressure due to containing coumarin. This compound reduces hypertension and helps to protect the health of the hearth. This vegetable also has potassium that reduces the tension in the blood vessel and increases the circulation and the blood flow.

Potassium also reduces the stress on your cardiovascular system and boosts the function of the heart.

They might be helpful for the regulation of the cholesterol. If the cholesterol is high this may lead to different heart diseases. If one regularly consumes carrots they can reduce the levels of cholesterol, thus, reducing the risk of heart conditions. One research has shown that three weeks long consumption of seven ounces raw carrots daily may reduce the cholesterol by, on average, 11 percent. Some Swedish scientists have discovered that carrots lower the risk of developing heart attack. Another study has confirmed this.

Moreover, this vegetable can be good for the regulation of blood sugar due to their carotenoids content. The carotenoids benefit those with insulin resistance. They lower the blood sugar and because of this are helpful for diabetics.

Carrots also have some antiseptic effects. Due to this they may be used as vermicides and laxatives. They can also be helpful for liver conditions. In addition, they make the skid smoother and softer – this means that if you have dry skin, carrots can be good for you. Moreover, one study has shown that the juice of carrots can improve the health of the gastrointestinal system.

And while we are talking about the gastrointestinal system, we should also mention that carrots can help with the digestion since they contain quite a lot of dietary fibers. The fiber promotes regularity, fights off constipation and protect the gastrointestinal tract from various diseases such as colorectal cancer.

Your oral health can also benefit from carrots. They contain wonderful antioxidants, which not only stimulate the gums but also induce the excessive production of saliva which fights off the bacteria (this exact bacteria can lead to cavities and other oral problems).

Another benefit that one’s eyes can get from the carrots is the reduction of macular degeneration. This eye disease is common amongst the elderly and leads to worsening of the macula’s function. The beta-carotene in carrots can help lower the risk of this condition.

The regular consumption of carrots also decreases the risk of stroke. A detailed study has shown that the contained in carrots lutein is beneficial for the health of the brain. Other studies have shown that amongst people with stroke, those who had the highest survival rate were also the ones with the highest beta-carotene levels and beta-carotene is a compound found in carrots. This beta-carotene is also found to reduce the chance of developing lung cancer. Some studies have also shown that this compound lowers the risk of breast cancer as well.

Other useful property of the carrots is that they boost the immune system thanks to containing vitamin C.

With what foods can we eat carrots?

Carrots can be added to wraps or salads. Shredded carrots may be put in various baked goods.
Alternatively, you can make yourself a delicious juice or smoothie out of them. You can also eat carrots by themselves.
Baby carrots with peanut butter is also an option.
Carrots can be added to lots of soups. Moreover, they can be combined with different spices.

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